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Destinations of Nepal
Kathmandu Valley has an exotic setting. It is surrounded by tier upon tier of green mountain wall above which tower mighty snow-capped peaks in winter. It consists of three main towns of great historic, artistic and cultural interest: Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon. The Kathmandu Valley covers an area of 218 sq. miles. It is situated at 4,423 ft. above sea-level. The major tourist attractions in Kathmandu include
MACHHENDRA NATH TEMPLE
It is a pagoda of considerable artistic beauty. It has a two-tiered bronze roof. The temple is built in a courtyard full of votive stupas and statuary. It is surrounded by residential houses and busy shops.
AKASH BHAIRAV TEMPLE
It is a three-storied temple in the main market avenue, called Indra Chowk. The image of Akash Bhairav is displayed outside for a week during Indrajatra, the festival of Indra - 'the God of Rain'.
It is the historic seat of royalty. The Darbar Square, with its old temples and palaces, epitomizes the religious and cultural life of the people. Interesting things to see here are (1) Taleju Temple, built by King Mahendra Malla in 1 549 A.D., (2) Gigantic figure of Kal Bhairav - 'the God of Destruction, (3) Basantpur Durbar or Nautalle Durbar, built by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, (4) Coronation Platform, (5) the Hall of Public Audience, (6) the statue of King Pratap Malla, (7) the Big Bell and (8) the Big Drums. You are required to pay to enter the courtyard where you get exposed to a visual feast of carvings and mouldings on the nine-storied pagoda of the palace. The main golden ate is guarded by the monkey-god, Hanuman. With a ceremonial umbrella suspended above his head, and wrapped in a scarlet cloak, he squats on a stone plinth.
TEMPLE OF KUMARI
It is the residence of the Living Goddess (Virgin Goddess). The building has profusely carved wooden balconies and window screens. The non-Hindu visitor may enter the courtyard, but may not beyond that. The Kumari acknowledges their greetings from her balcony window. Photography is prohibited.
It lies near the temple of Kumari. It was built in 1596 by King Laxmi Narsingha Malla. It is said to be constructed from the wood of a single tree. Most people believe Kathmandu has derived its name from Kasthamandap.
Located two and a half kilometers west of Kathmandu, the National Museum has a splendid collection of weapons, artifacts from ancient, medieval and modern Nepal. Its archaeological and historical displays are worthseeing. The museum remains closed on Tuesdays.
It Is the huge greenfield that flanks one entire side of the old city. It is used for parades, national celebrations, numerous colourful festivals, and also for sports. At its one end is Ratna Park and at the other are army barracks
It is a grand imposing palace built on the neo-classical style. It was once the private residence of Rana Prime Ministers, and is now the Secretariat of H.M.G. Once a huge building of many courtyards, it largely was destroyed by fire and is now being rebuilt.
It is located on the way to Singha Durbar. The memorial's arch contains the effigies of the martyr's and the statue of the late King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah, It was he who led the revolution of 1950-51, and laid the foundation for today's democratic system, replacing the family autocracy of the Rana.
Also known as Bhimsen's Stambha, it is a165 feet tower built by Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa in 1832. From the top of the tower, one has a panoramic view of the whole valley of Kathmandu.
It is the present Royal Palace, built on the site of a much older one. Special permission has to be obtained to enter the palace grounds.
Located near the Royal Palace, it has got a huge and rare collection of books and old manuscripts. It also offers an opportunity to have a glimpse of the inside of Nepal's numerous palaces. It is open for the public.
It is a. temple of Lord Shiva. It is situated on the bank of the sacred Bagmati river. It is a pagoda - style temple with gilt roof and richly carved silver doors. One of the most holy temples in the entire Hindu world, Pashupatinath temple is the centre of pilgrimage on the day of Shivaratri. It is situated five kilometres east of Kathmandu. Only Hindus are allowed to go inside the courtyard of the temple. Tourists can view the temple from the eastern side of the Bagmati river.
It is another famous place of Hindu pilgrimage. This is a shrine of Goddess Parvati, Lord Shiva's consort. Only Hindus are allowed inside the courtyard.
This ancient city is situated on the southern bank of the river Bagmati and is about five kilometers southeast of Kathmandu. The city is full of Buddhist monuments and Hindu temples, with fine bronze gateways, guardian deities and wonderful carvings. Noted for its craftsmen and metal workers, it is known as the city of artists.
Durbar Square, situated in the heart of the city, constitutes the focus of visitors' attraction at this palace. The square is full of ancient palaces, temples and shrines, noted for their exquisite carvings. One can rummage for treasures in the many shops around the square.
HIRANYA VARNA MAHAVIHAR
This three-storied golden pagoda of Lokeshwar (Lord Buddha) was built in the 13th century by King Bhaskar Verma. It is located in the courtyard of Kwabahal. Inside the upper stoney of the pagoda, placed on the pedestal, are the golden image of Lord Buddha and a large prayer wheel. There are a wealth of gem like carvings on its walls and a complete life of Buddha in gold relief.
RUDRA VARNA MAHAVIHAR
This unique Buddhist monastery contains a fine and amazing collection of images and statues in metal, stone, and wood. Kings ancient times were crowned in this monastery. Many of the treasures offered by the devotees can be seen here even today.
Built in the sixteenth century by King Siddhi Narasingha Malla, this temple is made of stone. The carvings on its friezes depict war scenes from the ancient Hindu epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
This temple of Lord Shiva was built during the reign of King Jayasthiti Malla. Later a golden finial was added to it in 1392 A.D. This is a five-storied pagoda temple. A fare is held here on the Janai Purnima day.
JAGAT NARAYAN TEMPLE
It is a tall, imposing temple of Lord Vishnu in red brick. It is situated on the bank of Bagmati river (Sankhamul). It has many fine images in stone and an artistic metal statue of Garuda on a stone pillar.
MACHHENDRA NATH TEMPLE
The pagoda of Machhendra Nath (Red) was built in 1408 A.D. It is located in a big quardrangle. Avalokiteshwor or Red Machhendra Nath is housed here for six months.
MIN NATH TEMPLE
It is a small pagoda, older than Machhendra Nath. It is situated just-opposite to the Machhendra Nath temple.
THE ASHOKA STUPAS
There are four ancient stupas, popularly believed to have been built in 250 B.C. by Emperor Ashoka at the four corners of Patan. These stupas give evidence to the city's ancient religious importance.
Here are many animals, birds and reptiles, mostly representing the Himalayan fauna.
TIBETAN CENTRE, JAWALAKHEL
This is an extremely interesting place where one can see the spinning, dyeing and weaving of Tibetan carpets by the Tibetans. This centre has a well-stocked show room from which purchases can be sent safely to any destination.
||Bhadgaon, also known as Bhaktapur, is a home of medieval art and architecture. According to a legend, this city was founded in 889 A.D. by King Ananda Deva. It is shaped like a conch-shell. Bhaktapur means 'the city of devotees'. The city is situated at an altitude of 46,000 ft. The urban city covers an area of 4 square miles.
Pottery and weaving are its traditional industries. The city is 13 kilometers east of Kathmandu and can be reached by road.
The main square of the city contains innumerable temples and other architectural showpieces: the Lion Gate, the Picture Gallery, the Golden Gate, the Statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, the Palace of 55 Windows, the Big Bell, the Bell of Barking Dogs, the Batsala Temple, the replica of Pashupatinath temple, etc.
THE LION GATE
This gate is adorned with the lovely stone figures of Hanuman, Bhairav and Narsingha Narayan. It was built during the reign of King Bhupatindra Malla.
THE PICTURE GALLERY
It is a gallery of great value which contains ancient paintings belonging to Hindu and Buddhist schools of Tantricism of various periods and descriptions. This gallery remains closed on every Tuesday.
THE GOLDEN GATE
This is the entrance to the main courtyard of the palace of 55 windows. It was built by King Ranjita Malla and is one of the most beautiful and richly carved specimens of its kind in the entire world. The door is surmounted by a figure of Goddesa Kali, riding on a Garuda, the winged carrier of Lord Vishnu and attended by a sky nymph. This Gate is embellished with monsters of marvellous intricacy. Art critic Percy Brown described it as "the most lovely piece of art in the whole kingdom, placed like a jewel flashing innumerable facets in the handsome setting of its surroundings".
STATUE OF KING BHUPATINDRA MALLA
The statue of King Bhupatindra Malla in the act of worship is placed on a column facing the palace. Of the many statues this is considered the most magnificent.
PALACE OF 55 WINDOWS
This palace was built in the reign of King Yaksha Malla in 1427 A.D, and was remodelled in the 17th century by King Bhupatindra Malla. Among the brick walls, with their gracious setting and sculptural design, is a balcony of 55 windows. This balcony is a masterpiece of wood carving.
The stone temple of Batsala Devi is full of intricate carvings. There is a bronze bell on the terrace of this temple, which is known as "the bell of barking dogs." When it peals, the local dogs start barking. This colossal bell, placed in 1737 A.D. by King Ranajit Malla, was used to sound curfew during his reign. The bell is rung every morning while worshipping Goddess Taleju.
It is noted for its erotic carvings on the wooden struts. This replica of the famous Pashupatinath temple of Kathmandu was built by King Yaksha Malta.
This temple was first built as a one-storied pagoda during the reign of King Jagat Jyoti Malla, and later changed into a three-storied temple in 1718 A.D. by King Bhupatindra Malla. The temple is noted for its artistic grandeur. It is dedicated to God Bhairav, the God of Terror.
This five-storied pagoda was built in 1702 A.D. King Bhupatindra Malla. It stands on a five-terrace platform. On each of the terraces squat a pair of figures: two famous wrestlers, two elephants, two lions, two griffins and Baghini and Singhini - the tiger and the lion goddesses. Each pair of figures is considered ten times stronger than the ones immediately below, while the lowest pair, the two strong men Jaya Malla and Phatta Malla, were reputedly ten times stronger than any other men. This is one of the tallest pagodas and is famous for its massive structure and subtle workmanship.
This temple is said to have been built from the trunk of a single tree. It was built in 1427 A.D, during the reign of King Yakchhya Malla and repaired in 1458 A.D. by Bishwa Malla.
Near the Dattatraya temple, there is a monastery with exquisitely carved peacock windows. This monastery was built by King Yakshya Malla and later renovated by the-then priest Ram Datta Giri.
ABOUT THE VALLEY
There are more things to see in the Kathmandu Valley than its museum-like cities. The valley is surrounded by a host of beautiful and interesting villages and towns with histories and legends of their own, and a wealth of temples, shrines and statuaries. They are approachable by car or bus, or afford a good walk or cycle ride. There also are several places on the mountains that ring the valley and command dramatic views of the great Himalayan peaks. The Kathmandu Valley is ideal for a short visit or a mini-trek.
BALAJU WATER GARDEN
This is an attractive park: situated five kilometers northwest of Kathmandu. It is called Balaju Uddyana featuring fountains with 22 crocodile-headed water spouts dating from the mid-1 8th century. There is also an Olympic-size swimming pool. Balaju Industrial District is located nearby.
This is one of the world's most glorious Buddhist Chaityas. It is said to be 2000 years old. The Chaitya which forms the main structure, is made of a solid hemisphere of brick and earth supporting a lofty conical spire capped by a pinnacle of copper gilt. Painted on the four-sided base of the spire are the all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha. It is three kilometers west of Kathmandu city, and is situated on a hillock about 250 feet above the level of the valley. This hill is a mosaic of small chaityas and pagoda temples.
This lovely stupa is built by the side of the road to Bodhanath. It is painted with the all-seeing eyes of the Buddha. This stupa is older than Boudhanath and was built by Charumati, the daughter of the Indian Emperor Ashoka, in the 3rd century B.C. after she was married to a local prince called Devapala and settled in the valley. There are some ancient statues around the stupa.
This colossal stupa, one of the biggest in the world, has the all-seeing eyes of the Buddha. It was built by King Mana Deva in expiation of his sins in the 5th century A.D. It is built on an octagonal base inset with prayer sheets. The shrine is ringed by houses of Lamas or Buddhist priests. The stupa lies eight kilometers east of Kathmandu.
This lovely Royal Game Sanctuary, also known as Gokarna Safari Park, lies about ten kilometers northeast of Kathmandu. It is situated on the bank of the river Bagmati. Many wild animals in the sanctuary such as spotted deer can be viewed from an elephant back. One can enter the game sanctuary on paying an entrance fee at the gate or by arrangement with a travel agency. On the northern side of Gokarna, on the way to Sundarijal, there is a pagoda of Gokarneswor Mahadeva, which stands on one side of the Bagmati Gorge. To its right, situated on a hillock, there is a small village, called Gokarnagaon. Accommodations are available in the game sanctuary.
It is famous for its scenic beauty. There are magnificent waterfalls and cataracts and rock formations. It is an ideal place for a picnic, requiring a short walk after the motorable road ends.
It is a small town, eight kilometers southwest of Kathmandu on the top of a hill or plateau-shaped ridge. Tribhuvan University located at the foot of the hill. This historic town has many things to offer: old shrines, temples, old houses, the people typically dressed in old traditional costumes, people working on ancient looms, and so on.
It is a typical Newari town, with many fine old buildings and temples. Beyond the village, up a long flight of stone stairs, is Bajra Jogini, a historic temple with beautiful views of the valley.
It is famous for its gorge, which is said to have been cut by Manjushree to drain the water out from the Kathmandu valley which is supposed to have been a lake. On the top of the hill stands a small pagoda dedicated to Adinath, From this top one can have a complete view of snow-capped mountain peaks. It is eight kilometers southwest of Kathmandu.
This place is famous for the shrine of Shekh Narayan, which is richly endowed with history and art. This picturesque shrine stands on a hillock. Numerous fish splash in the ponds below the shrine.
The Famous temple of Dakshinkali is situated about two kilometers south of Pharping. Every Tuesday and Saturday pilgrims visit this temple to offer their prayers to the goddess.
About eight kilometers north of Kathmandu is a remarkable, colossal statue of the Lord Vishnu, reclining on the coil of the snake King. This 5th century statue is in the middle of a small pond and seems to float on water. It is a famous place of pilgrimage, though the reigning kings of Nepal may not visit this spot.
This place of natural beauty is situated ten kilometers southeast of Patan. The road from Patan city runs to Godavari to the southeast, passing through the small, old towns of Harisiddhi, Thaiba and Badegaon, One of the holy places in Nepal, it is also a good picnic spot amid dense forest. The Royal Botanical Garden, fish hatchery and a marble quarry are located here.
Situated in a small woodland park, it is about ten kilometers south of Patan near the village of Chapagaon. A visit to Tika Bhairav and Lele from here is worthwhile.
This mountain, 9,050ft.high, is a good spot for hiking. Rhododendrons of different shades of colours from pure white to dark red are found here. A jeepable road leads to the top of the hill, where there is a Buddhist shrine.
It is a shrine of Ganesh, Elephant-headed God, placed in a sylvan setting to catch the first rays of the rising sun. The view of the conch-shaped city of Bhadgaon is seen from here with snow peaks in the background. Nestling in a thick forest, it is a good picnic spot flanked by many attractive landscapes.
Situated at the end of a long ridge which runs well into the valley, it is said to have been built in 323 A.D. by King Hari Dutta Varma, who also installed the statue of Goddess Chinna-Masta in a shrine nearby. The Temple is richly decorated with sculptures and carvings. It is said to be the oldest temple in the valley. It is situated about 500 ft. above the level of the Kathmandu valley and affords a beautiful view of the surrounding countryside.
BEYOND THE VALLEY
There are many beautiful and interesting places to visit outside the Kathmandu valley - places full of history and historical remains, or remarkable for their scenic beauty. Most of them can be easily reached from Kathmandu, by road or by air. They all lie along the good trek, like the Everest, Lang-tang, Annapurna and Dhaulagiri areas.
This place, 6,500 ft. above sea-level, is located 27 kilometers northwest of the Kathmandu city. It overlooks the northwestern Himalayan ranges against the vastness of the blue sky in the northeast. The fabulous holiday area of Kakani features attractions ranging from beautiful alpine scenery to the magnificent Himalayan panorama, particularly of the Ganesh Himal massiff.
This town, 32 kilometers east of Kathmandu, is situated at an altitude of 7,133 ft. above sea-level. It is a year round holiday resort.
The panorama of the major peaks of most of the eastern Nepal Himalayas, including Sagarmatha, (Mt. Everest), can seen from here. Best at sunset and sunrise.
This ancient town, famous for its scenic beauty,is situated 30 kilometers east of Kathmandu on the side of the Araniko Rajmarga (Kathmandu-Kodari Highway). From here one can have a complete panoramic view of the snowy ranges from east to west.
For the view of the breath-taking grandeur of the world's highest peaks, extending in one glittering are from far west of Dhaulagiri to far east of Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest), there is no better place than Daman. This spot lies 80 kilometers southwest of Kathmandu on the side of the Tribhuvan Rajpath. There is a view tower fitted with a long range telescope.
Is a thriving village off the road to Dhulikhel, with some very lovely temples and interesting old houses. Particularly beautiful are some 14th century wooden temple struts. The drive is through beautiful countryside.
It is situated on a hill above Panauti. It requires an easy drive or good walk to get here. There is an amazing story concerned with the Buddha which is commemorated by a ancient stone slab and a stupa with all-seeing eyes. It is a good place for meditation.
Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Buddha, the apostle of peace, compasion and non-violence. It is situated in the western Tarai of Nepal. The broken Ashokan Pillar, remnants of an old monastery, images of Buddha's mother Maya Devi, etc, are still preserved here. Extensive excavation work is being carried out with promising results. It is accessible by air from Kathmandu to Bhairahawa, from where one can proceed by car, or use some other means of transport.
The Gorkha township is the headquarters of the district of the same name. Situated on a hill overlooking the snowy peaks of the Himalayas, Gorkha has two attractive temples of Gorakhanath and Kali. It is the birthplace of King Prithvi Narayan Shah, the founder of Modern Nepal. A side trip to Manakamana is very enjoyable and interesting. The world famous Gurkha soldiers hail from this place.
Tansen is a bright Himalayan town situated on the slopes of hill called Shreenagar Danda. Situated at an altitude of 1,371 meters above sea level, Tansen is the most popular summer resorts of Western Nepal on account of its position and climate.
Charikot is 133 km. from Kathmandu and one can reach in 3 1/2 hours by car. Charikot provides a spectacular mountain view, the prominent peak being Gauri Shanker. There are many lodges in Charikot and it is worth an overnight stay. Dolkha town can be reached in 1 hour walking from Charikot-predominantly a Newari town, Dolkha was an entrepot between Tibet, Northern India and the Kathmandu valley.
It is situated at an altitude of 5,500 ft. in the Ham District and is famous for its unique Views of Everest and Kanchenjunga. Also the hills of Darjeeling, Khersang, and Mirik can be seen from here. It is best at sunrise and sunset. There is a motorable road from 11 am to Chhipitar and from Chhipitar, Antu Danda can be reached in 4 hours walking.
It is situated about 4 miles north of Dhankuta Bazar. The panorama of the major peaks of the eastern Himalayas including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest), Makalu, Lohtse, and Jannu can be seen from here.
The route from Dhulikhel to Timal Narayan is deal for a short trek. The temple of Timal Narayan is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and is situated at the altitude of 7,000 ft. from the sea level. A local fair is organised on the day of Janai Poornima in the periphery of this temple. From here one can have a beautiful views of Gaurishanker Himal and other important peaks as well as Sunkoshi and Roshi rivers. It is also very pleasant to visit the villages of the Tamang people who live in this area.
This is a great religious place, famous as the birthplace of Sita, the consort of Lord Rama, the heroine of the Ramayana, a great-Hindu epic. There is an artistic marble temple of Sita (Janaki), popularly known as Naulakha Mandir. Religious festivals, pilgrimages, trade fairs, and other festivities are held here in Bivaha Panchami and Ram Nawami days. Janakpur is linked with Kathmandu by and road transport.
This is an idyllic cluster of Sherpa villages, situated 75 kilometers northeast of Kathmandu. It is a trekker's paradise. There are quite a few Buddhist monasteries in the region amid rich and enchanting landscapes.
Namche Bazar is a small town closely associated with Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest), the highest peak in the world. Namche is the gateway to the Everest region. Situated on the lap of the Mahalangur Range, it affords a ringside view of many world famous Himalayan peaks. Namche Bazar is 240 kilometers northeast from Kathmandu. The distance is generally covered within fifteen days' trekking, but can be accomplished in 50 minutes by light plane. It is the home of the legendary Sherpas, who have won international renown as the sturdiest of mountain guides. Tenzing Norgay, who conquered Mr. Everest in 1953 along with Sir Edmund Hillary, is a Sherpa from this place.
This is the second largest city of Nepal. Situated in the Kosi Zone, the city has some of the largest industrial undertakings in the country. There are a couple of pilgrimage spots in Dharan and Barahchhetra nearby. A tourist standard hotel is now in full operation in Biratnagar.
The Pokhara Valley is one of the most picturesque spots of Nepal. The beauty of the valley is enhanced by its lovely lakes Phewa, Begnas and Rupa, which have their source in the glacial region of the Annapurna Range of the Himalayas. Pokhara is situated 203 kilometers west of Kathmandu and is connected by air as well as land route, A new highway (Prithvi Rajmarg) links the lake district with Kathmandu, Another Highway to Pokhara (Sidhartha Rajmarga), passes along a highly picturesque region between the midland valleys and the Tarai belt of the Kingdom.
Pokhara is Nepal's second most popular tourist destination; almost all visitors travel here, many on their way to trekking in the Annapurnas, or to enjoy a relaxing holiday with incomparable mountain views.
The lake in the immediate vicinity of the city is Phewa Lake with an island temple dedicated to the Goddess Barahi in the middle. With its serene water reflecting the Annapurna range and a nicely preserved forest on the adjoining southern slope, this legendary second largest lake of the kingdom remains a major source of attraction for the tourist. It can be explored in canoes locally known as Doongas. You can enjoy (Subject to weather condition) the snow clad peak of Dhaulagiri (8167 m), Annapurna South (7219 m), Annapurna I Machhapuchhre, Fish-Tail etc. Pokhara is the main trekking entry point for trekking in the Annapurna Region.
BEGNAS AND RUPA LAKE
These twin lakes lie in the northeast of Pokhara Valley about 15 km. away from the airport. There setting are calmer and more sylvanic. The small hill called Pachbaiya which separates the two lakes. From a convenient point of this hill you can overlook the twin lakes in either side. These two lakes provide opportunity for fishing, canoeing, sunbathing and bird watching.
II is located on top of a beautiful mound over-looking the most populous area of the Pokhara city. The road to Sarangkot starts from the foot of this mound. It is a much revered Hindu, temple where non-Hindus are also allowed to enter.
It is another interesting natural site across the Seti river past Batulechour village in the north of Pokhara Valley. It is one of the few Stalagmite-Stalactite caves in Nepal.
All nearby hills of Pokhara are equally good for day hikes. Some of the important ones are given below: Bindabasini temple alonge a ridge road to Sarangkot.
Annapurna range and overlook the valley of Pokhara to enjoy the eye feast of the east. A view tower has been built on the top of Sarangkot hill at an elevation of 1600 m.
To Kahun Danda
It is another enchanting hill north of Pokhara and takes about two and a half hours to reach from Mahendrapul. The trails starts from near the army barrack at Phulbari across Mahendrapul and climbs slowly up a slope. The essential view from top of this hill is the panoramic view of the Annapurna range and the flat span of Pokhara valley.
To Phokaing Danda
This ridge south of Pokhara provides an excellent view of the whole Pokhara valley and the long array of snow peaks beyond. The panorama of the mountains visible at a stretch from here includes the Dhaulagiri and Annapurna ranges, Manaslu, Himalchuli and Ganesh Himal in the distant east. The trail to this ridge starts south of the Pokhara airfield, crosses the Seti river near the power house fed by the Phewa canal and climbs up the slope overlooking the valley. It takes about two and a half hours to get to Phoksing Danda from the power house. Morning time is excellent to visit this ridge.
Tansen, an ancient hill town, with its architecture strongly influenced by Newari migrants from the Kathmandu valley is waiting to be discovered by the tourists. Situated at the southern slope of the Mahabharat range; about half way from the Indian border to Pokhara and the Himalayas, this town offers an opportunity to experience genuine Nepalese culture, away from westernized places like Thamel in Kathmandu or Lakeside in Pokhara. Old artistic Newari houses and cobbled streets shape the townscape. The town's hill, Shreenagar, allows breathtaking views of the Himalayan range from Dhaulagiri in the west to Ganesh Himal in the east.
Tansen is the district administrations headquarter of Palpa district, one out of 75 districts in Nepal, and since 1957 a Municipality. It is itself often referred to as Palpa, and its people (population approx. 13,000 in the core area) as Palpalis.
At an elevation of about 1350-m (4430 ft) above sea level the town experiences a pleasant climate throughout the year. The maximum temperature, even in pre-monsoon times, hardly exceeds 31°C (88 F) and only in December/ January the minimum temperature can fall below 10°C (50 F). The annual precipitation is about 1500 mm of which 90% falls in the monsoon season.
Lumbini, Gautam Buddha was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal. Now accessible by road from the southern town of Bhairahawa 13 miles to the east. Lumbini rests on the plains of Kapilavastu, the ancient kingdom of the Sakya clan of rulers. There are numerous buildings of religious significance of Lumbini. A massive stone pillar was erected by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in 250 BC. The Maya Devi shrine houses a stone sculpture of Buddha's nativity scene and is said to be located in the exact place Buddha was born in a palace garden.
Tilaurakot was the capital city of the Sakya kingdom now in ruins. This is the place where Lord Buddha spent 29 years of his life before he left the comforts of his palace on the quest of "Nirvava". The area is about one sq. miles. In the eastern side we see the remains of the Mahaviniskramana Dwara (the gate from which Buddha departed seeking the Truth, leaving behind all worldly life). There is a museum which at the moment is housing all the archaeological remains excavated from these areas.
Royal Chitawan National Park
It lies 120 km. south-west of Kathmandu with an area of 932 square kilometers. It was established in 1973 and was later declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1984. Tropical deciduous reverie forests, wooded hills and grasslands contain one-fourth of the world's endangered great one-horned rhinos as well as the Royal Bengal tiger, leopards, monkeys, and the splendid gaur bison. More than 440 species of birds are found in this ornithologist's heaven, including the giant hornbill, the rare Bengal florican and the paradise flycatcher